Traditional braised fish in Vu Dai village


At 90, Tran Huu Dat has many memories. And there are some that he cherishes more than others.

Ca kho lang Vu Dai – Vu Dai braised fish

The resident of Vu Dai Village in the northern province of Ha Nam likes to recall the days when he and his fellow villagers earned their living mainly by planting mulberry, raising silkworms and weaving silk.

Each family had one or two ponds to raise fish, which was their main source of food.

“When Tet came, Vu Dai villagers would catch a big black carp weighing about three kikos or more, to worship our ancestors and pray for a healthy and lucky New Year. This custom has been maintained from generation to generation until now,” said Dat.

He said that a long time ago, an ancestor named Tran Ba Nghiem, who had gone away from home for many years to earn a living, returned to the village and began braising fish in a clay pot, making a very fatty, tasty dish.

Traditional braised fish via Ca kho Hoang Tho

Now, most Vietnamese inside and outside the country know about the dish, but what makes it stand out is the collaboration it takes between the cooks and potters from different regions.

Chefs in Vu Dai have to co-operate with artisans from Nghe An, Thanh Hoa and Nam Dinh to get clay pots and its covers, Dat, said, adding that even if there was small thing lacking in the accessories, the fish pot would not have the specific fragrance and flavour that made it famous.

Dat said his family has ordered pots from Nghe An’s Do Luong District a year in advance because the clay used is durable, and will not crack during the 16-hour braising. The pot’s cover should be from Thanh Hoa because the potters make the covers in “vault form” which is very easy to braise fish.

How to make it

Before braising the fish, a handful of rice has to be put into the pot, boiled for several hours and dried under the sun for half a day to ensure it does not crack, Dat said. The fish should be a black carp of between three and five kg each that is cut it into big pieces, marinated with ingredients such as fresh galingale, ginger, lemon, dried onion, pork broth, pork side, coconut milk, fish sauce, chillies and pepper.

He told Vietnam News that the wood used to braise the fish should be longan wood because it will help take out the muddy smell from the pot and give the fish the most attractive flavor.

Galingale and ginger should be placed at the bottom of the pot and then covered with the above mentioned ingredients onto each layer of fish to ensure it does not burn during 16 hours on the fire.

During the process of braising, the fire should be kept light without being put out to ensure a brown black colour. The fish should be firm, its bones soft, said Dat, adding that they have to let the braised fish pot cool before packing to deliver to their customers.

Traditional braised fish via Wiki Travel

Dat said he has asked all of his relatives to teach the job to youngsters so that the skills are not lost when older villagers pass away.

A younger villager, Nguyen Van Toan was the first to take Ca Kho Lang Vu Dai (Vu Dai Braised Fish) to the internet and set up a delivery system.

Toan said he set up his business aiming to develop and bring the traditional food nationwide and world wide. He said he has received many orders to supply braised fish the whole year round and for the traditional Tet holiday.

Nguyen Hong Lam, a HCM City resident, said his family members including his great grandfather enjoy this dish a lot.  “I always order a pot of Vu Dai braised fish for Tet (Lunar New Year). It is not just appetizing, it is also a good digestive.”

He said many of his friends also order the dish as a specialty food to welcome Tet. Toan’s video on this dish (http:// has further popularised the dish around the world. 

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